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Making Reading Accessible for Learners with Dyslexia June 22, 2017

Posted by Mrs. J in the Library in Ebooks, Online Teaching, Reflections, Tech Tips.
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Though my sabbatical classes are over for the semester, I still have a lot of information to process and apply to our library program.  I hope to post some of my presentations and other resources over the next couple months leading up to the back-to-school season.

Online Teaching Program, Spring 2017, Week 15 - Reflections, Thoughts, and Questions

My second class was called “Responding to Individual Learners,” and it was about personalizing online and face-to-face instruction for students, particularly students with special needs.  The culminating project was to choose a characteristic/disability/trait to study, write a paper on a peer-reviewed research article, and then present the research findings to the class.

I chose to research how different online reading experiences affect learners with dyslexia.  Through my research, I learned that it’s relatively easy and not very time-consuming to modify documents to make them easier to read.  Furthermore, offering modified reading materials can help not only students with dyslexia, but also students with other reading disabilities or challenges.

From my research and the many resources I came across, The British Dyslexia Association’s Style Guide and other resources for educators was especially helpful, and they are worth checking out.

You can read my paper on Google Docs, and view my screencasted video presentation on YouTube.  The Google Slides presentation is also embedded below.

One of my takeaways from the research article was that I think more teachers would take the time to modify their reading assignments to make them more readable if they had a template to use.  So I created one on Google Docs so teachers can copy and paste a text into it and share it with students as one reading option.  You get your own template by clicking the image below, going to “File” then “Make a copy” in the Google Docs menu.Dyslexia-friendly Google Doc | Mrs. J in the Library @ A Wrinkle in Tech

Another takeaway from this project was that the technology we have today, even very simple PDF readers and ebook apps, often have some accessibility tools built-in.  For instance, the apps I highlighted in my presentation allow student to change the background and text color of reading documents.  As part of reading instruction at the beginning of the year, I think we should be teaching all students, not just our students with special needs, how to customize these tools to what works for them.  Knowing how to “hack” their tech tools empowers students to take a more active role in their own education.

If you have a tip for accommodating reading assignments for students, or if you have a recommended app or program for online reading, please share it with us in the comments!  And stay tuned for more research-based ideas and reflections from my Online Teaching classes.  Happy summer!

Reflections and Realizations about Online Teaching April 8, 2017

Posted by Mrs. J in the Library in Online Teaching, Reflections.
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Reflections & Realizations about Online Teaching | Mrs. J in the Library @ A Wrinkle in Tech

I’m now in the middle of my 2nd accelerated class in the Millersville University online teaching endorsement program.  After finishing my first class of my sabbatical, Current Technology in Online Teaching, I realized that online teaching might not be for me.

Truth be told, this wasn’t too much of a surprise.  As popular as 100% online learning is now as an education trend, I don’t foresee it working for every student.  We have to accept as educators, administrators, community members, and especially politicians, that education is not one-size-fits-all, even if the “one size” comes in a shiny technology package (and a huge marketing budget) promising all the data you can wish for.  Some students just need someone to work with them face-to-face to not only stay focused, but also to teach concepts in a different way.

So while I’m not looking for any online librarian jobs (if they would even exist), I have taken away some ideas for our school library that I’m excited to implement when I get back (given time to do so, of course):

  • Start putting my library lessons into Google Classroom to manage the academic content.
  • Add more multimedia and accessibility features to my teaching materials – This above all else will be time-consuming! 
  • Emphasize evaluating information and other digital “information fluency” skills at an earlier age, including how to use Google better.
  • Add even more center choices and more ways to learn the same content to my library classes.
  • Reach out to the current virtual students in our district and make sure they know when our library is open and available for their use (supervised, of course…I’m not a babysitter.)

What Public Schools Should Learn from Online Schools

With that said, I think public schools, and specifically public school libraries, have MUCH to learn from the online school trend.  For starters, we have to stop caring so dang much about standardized tests.  Seriously, it is WAY past time that we stopped the test prep, and started teaching in an engaging way that will make kids WANT to come to school.  We are competing with video games, streaming music, social media, and all manner of more interesting distractions in a student’s life.  It’s time we took that seriously and made learning engaging enough to captivate our students’ attention.

Another thing we can take from online schools is the idea of managing classes and learning activities with “blended” teaching, using both face-to-face and online teaching in our instruction.  Technology, when used creatively and intelligently, should be as ubiquitous and embedded in our classrooms as our smartphones are in our personal lives.  The tools are all there, and I think they’ll only get better if teachers are invited to help develop them.

What Online Schools Should Remember about Traditional Public Education

Education for all isn’t cheap.  Many online schools now are charter schools, and they can choose, if they so desire, not to accept students that require or would benefit from more expensive accommodations or services.  Don’t get me wrong, many online charter schools DO choose to accept students with special needs and choose to add more expensive services to help their students, but they don’t have to take all of them or even a specific quota of them.

What I see happening now, in my admittedly limited and biased view, is that many online schools are operating as cheaply as possible to maximize profits and/or fund their marketing campaigns. 

  1. They often have larger class sizes, so they can employ fewer teachers with lower salaries and less benefits, or sometimes no benefits if they are part-time. 
  2. Every fall and throughout the year, they run radio/TV ads, post billboards, and buy Google ads to advertise their schools.  I can’t imagine how expensive that must be, but I also can’t imagine tax payers being okay with a public school doing the same.
  3. They offer fewer services overall; I have yet to come across an online school who employs a teacher-librarian or has a publicly accessible online library.  Some seem to have a “virtual library” embedded in their learning management system, or LMS, but there was no information I could find on what actual resources or databases were provided or recommended.  I wonder if anyone is even thinking about how well the resources they DO provide are working for their students’ needs.

A cursory search unearthed this study that interviewed 2 principals of online schools and found that the duties and skills traditionally taught by a librarian are divided up among several individuals within the online school, with lesser degrees of success.  Given what I’ve read in my classes and on my own about online schools, that doesn’t surprise me in the least. I’m guessing many administrators of online schools have stereotypical, outdated idea of what a teacher-librarian does.  Any teacher-librarian that would be hired would have to prove their worth, and probably in a short amount of time too.

Another theory I have is that online schools are leaning on the students’ local public libraries and home libraries for support in finding and using high-quality resources.  This isn’t a sustainable or fair system, because many communities lack adequate funding for their public libraries as is.  I would love to believe that public library support could increase with more students and parents choosing online education and understanding the potential for the public library to serve everyone…but frankly, everyone wants more for the same tax money, so I don’t think that’s a realistic expectation.  Public libraries simply cannot replace the services that a school library (with a certified teacher-librarian), or even a classroom library, can provide.

With that said, I do think online learning can work, and can be the right fit for many students.  It can be done well…but I suspect to run an online school well is at least as expensive as running a public school well.  (I haven’t researched this, so I have no idea if I’m right.)  And that isn’t a popular view of education funding.

Ranting aside…I have been thinking about why online teaching isn’t a good fit for me, despite the flexible schedule being VERY appealing while my daughter is so young.  As it turns out, Stephanie Jankowski wrote a much-better articulated article at We Are Teachers just this past week.  It’s worth a quick read for anyone who is thinking of online teaching and perhaps has a misguided idea of how “easy” it is.  I know I thought it would be easier before I started this program, and I’m learning that, much like anything else in life, to do it well, it’s hard.

If you are an online teacher and have some insights to share or if you’ve ever considered online teaching, leave a comment and keep the conversation going!

Online Teaching and the Elementary School Library February 6, 2017

Posted by Mrs. J in the Library in Library Space, Online Teaching, Reflections.
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I started an exciting and very different season of my life two weeks ago…a yearlong sabbatical during which I’ll be earning an Online Teaching endorsement from Millersville University. In reality, I think of my sabbatical as part of my maternity leave where I’ll be “working” part-time hours instead of my usual 40-50 hours a week at school. That’s not to say that being a parent isn’t work…but that’s another blog post.

Online Teaching Program, Spring, Week 1 Reflections | Mrs. J in the Library @ A Wrinkle in Tech

For the past year, I’ve been pondering what a school library could look like in a blended school, specifically a public school.  What would I imagine for a space and curriculum that would serve both online students, traditional classroom students, and students whose education is comprised of both?

It’s a GIGANTIC question, and one that I’m going to attempt to tackle over the next 12 months. I hope to blog about my thoughts throughout the program…however, I also hoped to blog more last summer and on my maternity leave. Here I am with a 6-month-old impatiently vying for my attention next to me and 4 blog drafts that are nowhere near finished. I’m not going to make promises I can’t keep.

But back to my big question. At this moment, I see online teaching as having great potential for both positive and negative effects, just like any tool, and every educational technology of the past several decades. The exciting part is that online teaching has the potential to promote more personalized instruction for students, more opportunities for students to learn and study their interests, more flexibility for teachers in curriculum content, a more reasonable workload for teachers as far as time and energy, and a way to promote better home-work/school balance among teachers AND students.

Like any tool, however, it could also be used to promote negative outcomes: a restrictive, locked-down curriculum, large class sizes with underpaid teachers, excessive use of teachers’ time and energy in a way that interferes with the rest of their lives, and a lack of respect for what is actually best for students’ needs.

The key difference between these two scenarios is who has the power to make decisions. Do administrators seek out and value teachers’ expertise when designing curriculum, creating classes, and evaluating the needs of students? Does the principal/director have businesses or sponsors that desire profits or specific outcomes? The politics can be played both ways.

With all that said, here’s my current, perhaps utopian, idea for a public school library serving both online and traditional students:

  • A large, welcoming space, like a shared living room or coffee shop
  • Bookshelves (yes, with real paper books) organized around the room’s perimeter and scattered amidst “centers” designed for different uses.
  • Centers might include: an area for quiet study, reading, or relaxation (perhaps even a tech-free zone to figuratively unplug), an area for creating and making (a makerspace), several collaborative areas for students to work together in groups, and an always-staffed area for help with information literacy and research requests.
  • Ideally a 100% flexible schedule would best serve students as MANY research studies have shown. In most elementary schools, however, teachers will still need (and deserve) a planning period. If the library must be used as a “special,” then at least some of the teacher-librarian’s time will be required to supervise these students.  The majority of the teacher-librarian’s time should be available for students and staff using the library space and for those using the online services.
  • An online Ask-the-Librarian service for questions and research help, easily accessible from the library website on any device.
  • An administration that supports online students using the library with adult supervision. The teacher-librarian is not a babysitter, and shouldn’t be used as such, however, an online student can gain a LOT from both the teacher-librarian and the library space to enrich and enhance his/her education.
  • A dedicated, self-paced orientation and information literacy/research course for each grade level.  Once completed in the older grades, it could unlock more library privileges…for instance, the ability to hold a book or ebook, waiving a late fine, access to the Ask-a-Librarian service.  By requiring students to take this course, they would learn both about the library’s resources and how to use the library independently.  It would also save the teacher-librarian valuable time in answering very basic questions.

I’m sure I’ll add to my vision for an elementary school library of the future as my program unfolds, and I learn more about the unique demands of online teaching.  I hope you’ll come along on the journey with me, and write comments and questions that we can explore together.

A Freebie for Your Patience May 7, 2016

Posted by Mrs. J in the Library in Books, Ebooks, Reflections.
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I know it’s been over 5 months since my last post, and well…life got in the way.  In the past few months, my husband and I became (very happily) pregnant, and it seems like everything just went crazy from there.  I know this will probably come as no surprise to the parents reading this, but things just…change.  There’s a gradual, but very noticeable, shift that I wasn’t expecting.

I don’t have the same drive to blog, or tweet, or create, or innovate.  To be fair, my body’s a little busy doing plenty of creating, however, I don’t feel the same ambitious desire to do anything innovative or new in my library.  It’s disconcerting, but I’m emotionally and professionally fine with it.  It’s been easier than I expected to just let it go.

Andy Woodworth at Agnostic, Maybe has an excellent blog post on how first-time fatherhood affects his professional life.  I read it last summer, and it came to mind again a couple of weeks ago.  It captures rather well how I’ve been feeling (except for the partner judging/shaming…my hubby has taken over all the cooking and most of the cleaning, so I blessedly can’t relate to that part).  I admire his ability and willingness to write about how his personal and professional lives interact.  And I wish more librarians and educators would be so honest about the realities of the elusive work-life balance.

A Freebie for Your Patience: Independent Reading Library Center | Mrs. J in the Library @ A Wrinkle in Tech

So for my readers’ patience, here’s a freebie of one of my library centers that I’ve used for a couple of years.  A commonly used center is the “reading independently” or “book buddies reading” center, and some other versions are available from my teacher-librarian PLN.  I made my own version for two reasons:

  1. I color-coded my library centers based on my 3 types of centers: Research Skills, Reading & Language, and Makerspace.  I assigned the color red to all the Reading & Language centers, so I wanted my Independent Reading Center to be red.
  2. I wanted to add options for reading material to include magazines and ebooks, as well as whisper-reading to a beanbag buddy or “book buddy.”

So if you’d like to try my version of this popular center, click on the image below or on THIS LINK to download it.  The zip file download contains the center sign below in PDF and Microsoft Word file formats, and an editable lesson plan in Microsoft Word file.  The clipart is from Glitter Meets Glue Designs and Empty Jar Illustrations.

Thank you for staying tuned during my temporary hiatus.  Enjoy!

Independent Reading Center FREEBIE! | Mrs. J in the Library @ A Wrinkle in Tech

New Page for Elementary Library Makerspace Resources! November 17, 2015

Posted by Mrs. J in the Library in Makerspace!.
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As the maker movement gains momentum and becomes more mainstream in education, there are more and more teacher-librarians who ask me where to find the best resources, and where to start.

So Colleen Graves and I have been collaborating on a page of Awesome Elementary Library Makerspace Resources, which is cross-posted on Colleen’s blog as well.  (If you’re not following her, you should be!)  It’s a work in progress, so expect some updates in the future as we add new resources and recommended materials.

Elementary Makerspace Resources | Mrs. J in the Library @ A Wrinkle in Tech

Check it out, and feel free to offer suggestions in the comments!

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